13 SIGNS YOU MAY HAVE DIABETES

In type 1 diabetes, symptoms are often sudden and can be life-threatening; therefore it is usually diagnosed quite quickly. In type 2 diabetes, many people have no symptoms at all, while other signs can go unnoticed being seen as part of ‘getting older’. Therefore, by the time symptoms are noticed, complications of diabetes may already be present.

Common symptoms include:

  •  Being more thirsty than usual
  •  Passing more urine
  •  Feeling tired and lethargic
  •  Always feeling hungry
  •  Having cuts that heal slowly
  •  Itching, skin infections
  •  Blurred vision
  •  Unexplained weight loss (type 1)
  •  Gradually putting on weight (type 2)
  •  Mood swings
  •  Headaches
  •  Feeling dizzy
  •  Leg cramps

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES THAT CAN KEEP YOU ALIVE, HEALTHY AND SMART

  • APPLES 🍏🍎
    Protect the heart
    Prevent constipation
    Prevent diarrhea
    Improve lung capacity

 

  • AVOCADOS 🥑
    Battle diabetes
    Lower cholesterol level
    Stopes stroke
    Smoothen skin
    Control blood pressure

 

  • WATER MELONS 🍉
    Protect prostate
    Promote weight loss
    Lower cholesterol
    Help stop stroke
    Fight dehydration

 

  • GRAPES 🍇🍇
    Save eyesight
    Conquer kidney stone
    Combat Cancer
    Enhance blood flow
    Protect the heart

 

  • LEMONS AND LIMES 🥝
    Combat cancer
    Protect the heart
    Control blood pressure
    Smoothen skin
    Stop scurvy

 

  • WALNUTS 🥔
    Lower cholesterol
    Fight cancer
    Boost memory
    Protect against cardiovascular diseases

 

  • BANANAS 🍌🍌
    Protect your heart
    Strengthen bones
    Control blood pressure
    Block diarrhea

 

  • ORANGES 🍊
    Support immune development
    Fights cancer
    Protects the heart
    Improve respiration

 

  • PINEAPPLES 🍍🍍
    Strength the bones
    Relief colds
    Helps digestion
    Dissolve warts
    Block diarrhea

 

  • STRAWBERRIES 🍓🍓
    Fight cancer
    Protect the heart
    Boost memory
    Calm stress

 

  • BROCCOLl
    Strengthens
    Saves eyesight
    Combats Cancer
    Protects the heart
    Controls blood pressure

 

  • CABBAGE 🍀
    Fights against cancer
    Prevents constipation
    Promotes weight loss
    Protects the heart
    Helps hemorrhoids

 

  • CARROTS 🥕🥕
    Save eyesight
    Protect the heart
    Prevent constipation
    Combat cancer
    Promote weight loss

 

  • ONIONS 
    Reduce risk of heart attack
    Combats Cancer
    Kill bacteria
    Lower cholesterol level
    Fight fungal infections

 

  • TOMATOES 🍅🍅
    Protect prostate
    Fight cancer
    Lower cholesterol
    Protect the heart

 

  • GARLIC
    Lowers cholesterol
    Controls blood pressure
    Fights cancer
    Kills bacteria
    Fights fungus

 

  • CAULIFLOWER ☘
    Protects against prostate cancer
    Fights breast cancer
    Strengthens bones
    Banishes bruises
    Guards against heart diseases

IF YOU NEGLECT SOURSOP READ THIS

Soursop contains numerous phytonutrients that can fight disease-causing cells and even certain kinds of tumors. These phytonutrients contain antioxidant properties that enhance the overall health. They help fight cancer, enhance eye health, and treat a range of infections.
But why are we talking about all this? Is soursop that good a fruit?

 

1. SOURSOP FIGHTS CANCER TO THE DEATH

Soursop kill certain types of breast and liver cancer cells.
The soursop plant is a proven cancer remedy for most types of the disease.
Soursop or graviola leaves showed 80% cell inhibition. The acetogenins in soursop inhibit the harmful compounds in cancer cells.
Soursop extract had also inhibited the survival and metabolism of pancreatic cancer cells and this indicates potential success in curing the lethal disease.

 

2. IMPROVES EYE HEALTH

We have seen soursop is replete with antioxidants. These antioxidants, especially vitamins C and E, zinc, and beta-carotene, have been found to decrease the risk of eye disease. The antioxidants also reduce oxidative stress, which can otherwise cause cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.

 

3. HELPS FIGHT INFLAMMATIONS

Inflammation caused by snakebite has been found to improve with the administration of soursop leave and juice However, the components of soursop might also slightly aggravate the ill effects of snake venom.
The ability to treat inflammation is good in soursop, and it can be used for relieving arthritis.
In addition to the anti-inflammatory effect, soursop is also known for its analgesic effects.

 

4. HELPS TREAT INFECTIONS

Soursop can treat infections caused by bacteria and parasites, one of those being leishmaniasis, a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted through the bites of sand fleas.
The leaves of the soursop tree are also used to treat a wide range of infections.

 

5. HELPS DIABETIC PATIENTS

Soursop possesses anti-diabetic properties.
The soursop leaf aqueous extract was found to inhibit and even prevent the hepatic oxidative damage caused in diabetes patients.

 

6. TREATS DIARRHEA

All parts of the soursop tree are used as medicine for an array of ailments. And diarrhea is one of them.

 

7. IMPROVES SKIN AND HAIR HEALTH

The extract of soursop leaves can help prevent skin papilloma, a disease that causes tumor eruptions on the skin.
In fact, soursop is so good for the skin that the leaves of the plant are used for calming the skin of new born babies Soursop paste can work wonders for hair by treating dandruff and itching, and strengthening hair as well.

 

8. HELPS TREAT RHEUMATISM

The internal administration of soursop leaf decoction exhibits anti-rheumatic properties. And the leaves, when cooked and topically applied, helped ease rheumatism and abscesses .
In Africa, the unripe fruit of soursop is used to treat rheumatism and arthritic pain. Even the mashed leaves of the soursop tree are used as a poultice to treat rheumatism.

 

9. HELPS IN THE TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION

Soursop has been used in folklore for treating hypertension. This can be attributed to the antioxidant potential of phenols in the fruit.
Soursop contains good nutrients that can help lower blood pressure levels in human adults.

 

10. ENHANCES GASTROINTESTINAL HEALTH

Soursop is also found to have antiulcer properties. The fruit suppresses oxidative damage and preserves the mucus of the gastric wall. The significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of the fruit can help improve gastrointestinal health.

10 HEALTH BENEFITS OF ROSE OR WATER APPLES

Rose Apple or water apple is tropical fruit with a wide range of amazing health benefits. It contains a great amount of water and lots of essential nutrients that are good for the brain health, liver and overall human body.

 

1. DETOXIFIES THE BODY

Water apples are special in such a way that they contain water, vitamins and minerals that serve as  detoxifiers

This implies that water apples help to clean up the body system naturally to remove toxic substances or the resulting effects from the body.
There are several ways to detoxify the body but the healthiest way is eating enough of nutrient-dense fruits such as water apple to free the liver and the whole body from bad substances.

 

2. IMPROVES SKIN HEALTH

The presence of certain components with anti-fungal and microbial effects in water or rose apple made it strong to prevent and cure and skin infection.
Leaves of rose apples can be squeezed and rub on the skin as it provides cooling effects on skin conditions such as smallpox and cures skin itching.
Vitamin C content in rose apple has an effective role to play in collagen synthesis It helps to treat facial wrinkles, ageing effects and damages on the skin induced by ultraviolet rays.

 

3. REPAIRS BODY TISSUES

Regular eating of water apples or rose apples can help repair body tissues or damaged cells in the human body because it has enough vitamin C content.
Rose apples contain 22.3 milligrams of vitamin C in every 100grams which is needed to repair tissues in every part ofthe human body.
The body needs a good amount of vitamin C to repair damaged capillaries, blood vessels, ligaments and maintain soft tissues. Water apple is among the best option to achieve this.

 

4. REGULATES BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL

Jambosine  is a bioactive crystalline alkaloid present in rose apples that suspend the conversion of starch into sugar thereby regulating the sugar level, especially in diabetic patients.
Rose apple contains natural antioxidants such as polyphenolic compounds thatprevent tissue damage to beta cells in the pancreas which can lead to type-1 diabetes.
Beta cells help to make insulin in the pancreas and deterioration in these cells leads to insulin-dependent diabetes known as type-1 diabetes mellitus.

 

5.  PREVENTS CONSTIPATION

Prevent constipation and aid in normal digestion due to its abundance of dietary fibre in good quantity as the body requires for proper digestion.
In other words, regular intake of rose apples helps to prevent certain gastrointestinal problems and allows smooth movement of food in the digestive tract.

 

7. TREATS DIARRHOEA

Leaves of rose apples are beneficial and medicinal to human health because it contains a bitter-tasting organic substance called tannins to a certain level that can be used to treat diarrhoea and dries watery secretion.

 

8. GOOD FOR PREGNANT WOMEN

There are essential minerals and vitamins that are good for pregnant women present in rose apples.
During pregnancy, there are inevitable health conditions such as nausea and vomiting which can cause dehydration during pregnancy; water apples help to keep them hydrated.
9. MAINTAIN HEALTHY BONES AND TEETH

Necessary for bone health because they contain calcium to a certain percentage (29 mg of calcium according to research) which help to maintain healthy teeth and bones as well as prevent osteoporosis.
Magnesium, phosphorus and potassium that all play vital roles in the bone formation and keeping healthy teeth are also present in reasonable amount.

 

10. PREVENTS CANCER

Studies have shown that incorporating fruits that are rich in essential nutrients help to prevent tumor growth in several parts of the body.
The presence of vitamin C which is an antioxidant that has several key roles to play in the human body as well as vitamin A and other active organic compounds helps to prevent the body from effects of cancerous diseases.
Health scientists have researched and found rose apple noteworthy in treating prostate and breast cancer.

5 FOODS THAT WILL HEAL YOUR BODY FROM INSIDE OUT

We all know about the healing properties of food (and the damaging ones too!). So how do foods heal, exactly? Here are 5 foods that are easily accessible to us, but we may not be including them. Get to know their properties, and include these in everyday recipes to get the max benefits!

 

1. OATS

Just two servings can lower LDL (bad) cholesterol by more than 5% in just six weeks. The key to this cholesterol buster is beta-glucan, a substance in oats that absorbs LDL, which your body then excretes. Best had as oats khichdi (make in the pressure cooker with veggies to retain the vitamins and minerals that get destroyed while open cooking), oats make you feel full for much longer too due to their high fibre content.

 

1. MUSHROOMS

A fat fighter and immunity booster, mushrooms can increase the production and activity of white blood cells. These are also know to kill cancer cells in the body. Stir fry with onions and garlic, or add to pasta sauce and eggs for a yummy treat.

 

3. ASPARAGUS

This versatile veggie supplies inulin, a special fiber that helps the “good” bacteria in your digestive tract. Which means good digestion, and higher immunity! And the key to good health is high immunity. Simply stir fry and add to salads or make a mixed veggie delight combining it with onions and bell peppers.

 

4. BANANAS

A medium banana provides a mild blood sugar boost and has 30% of the day’s vitamin B6, which helps the brain produce mellowing serotonin. The more serontonin you have, the less likely you are to fall to stress and anxiety. Plus, there’s it’s initial claim to fruit fame: muscle-toning potassium. So a banana day, is as good as an apple a day!

 

5. ONIONS

In some cultures, onions are considered cure-alls, having been prescribed for everything from diabetes to improving athletic performance. Research even shows their thiosulfinates (sulfur compounds responsible for their smell) protect against cardiovascular disease. And they also have cancer fighting properties. Eat them raw (don’t forget the mint later), in salads, or as a base for veggies and gravies.

5 BEST WATERMELON SEED BENEFITS

How much nutrition you reap from watermelon seeds depends largely on how many you eat. Because they’re small, you need to eat quite a few to get their considerable benefits. However, when you compare their nutritional value to that of other snacks out there, watermelon seeds come out far ahead.

 

1. Low Calorie

One ounce of watermelon seeds contains approximately  158 calories. That’s not much lower than an ounce of Lay’s Potato Chips (160 calories), but let’s take a look at what constitutes an ounce. There are approximately 400 watermelon seeds in a single ounce, far too many to eat in one sitting. By contrast, there are only 15 potato chips in an ounce, far less than most people would normally munch in one sitting.

A large handful of watermelon seeds weighs about 4 grams, which contains about 56 seeds and just 22 calories. Far less than a bag of potato chips!

 

2. Magnesium

One of several minerals found in watermelon seeds is magnesium. In a 4 gram serving, you’ll get 21 mg of magnesium. The  FDA recommends  adults get 400 mg of this mineral daily. Magnesium is essential for many of the body’s metabolic functions. It’s also required to maintain nerve and muscle function, as well as immune, heart, and bone health.

 

3. Iron

A handful of watermelon seeds contains about 0.29 mg of iron. It might not seem like much, but the FDA only recommends adults get 18 mg in their day. Iron is an important component of hemoglobin — carrying oxygen through the body. It also helps your body convert calories into energy.

 

4. Folate

There are 2 μ of folate in a single serving of watermelon seeds. The FDA recommends adults get 400 μ each day. Folate, also known as folic acid or vitamin B-9, is important for proper brain function and also works to control homocysteine levels. Women of childbearing years need even more, since folate deficiency has been associated with certain neural tubal birth defects.

 

5. ‘Good’ Fats

Watermelon seeds also provide a good source of both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids — 0.3 and 1.1 grams, respectively. These fats are useful in protecting against heart attack and stroke, and lowering levels of “bad” cholesterol in the blood.

 

HOW TO ROAST THEM

Roasting watermelon seeds is easy. Set your oven at 325°F and place the seeds on a baking sheet. It should only take about 15 minutes for them to roast, but you may want to stir them halfway through to ensure an even crispiness.

You can make the seeds taste even better by adding a little olive oil and salt, or sprinkling them with cinnamon and a light dusting of sugar. If you prefer more flavor, you can add lime juice and chili powder, or even cayenne pepper.

5 MAJOR REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD EAT BEANS.

Beans and legumes are some of the most underrated foods on the planet. They are excellent sources of dietary. There is good evidence that they can help reduce blood sugar, improve cholesterol levels and help maintain a healthy gut.
Beans are nutritional powerhouses packed with protein, fiber, B vitamins, iron, potassium, and are low in fat.
Below are it’s benefits.

 

1. BEANS CAN PREVENT HEART DISEASE

Studies have shown that people who eat more legumes have a lower risk of heart disease, and the phytochemicals found in beans might be partially to thank, since they protect against it.

 

2.BEANS FIGHTS CANCER

Beans contain a wide range of cancer-fighting plant chemicals, specifically, isoflavones and phytosterols which are associated with reduced cancer risk.

 

3. BEANS LOWERS CHOLESTEROL LEVEL

Beans provide the body with soluble fiber, which plays an important role in controlling blood cholesterol levels. Studies find that about 10 grams of soluble fiber a day—the amount in 1/2 to 1 1/2 cups of navy beans—reduces LDL cholesterol by about 10 percent. Beans also contain saponins and phytosterols, which help lower cholesterol.

 

4. BEANS CAN HELP YOU LOSE WEIGHT

A serving of beans will help you feel full more quickly, because the rich fiber content fills your stomach and causes a slower rise in blood sugar. That should stave off hunger longer and give you a steady supply of energy.

 

5. BEANS CAN HELP YOU CONTROL DIABETES

Beans are a diabetes sufferer’s superfood! The balance of complex carbohydrates and protein provides a slow, steady source of glucose instead of the sudden surge that can occur after eating simple carbohydrates.

5 SYMPTOMS YOU SHOULD NOT NEGLECT

Most aches and pains are rarely a big deal. But there are a few critical symptoms that you should have checked out as soon as possible. See your doctor if you have any of these things.

1. WEAKNESS IN YOUR LEGS
If yo get numb or weakness in your leg, arm, or face, it could be a sign of a stroke. It’s especially important if it’s on one side of your body or if it comes on without warning.
You could also be having a stroke if you feel dizzy, can’t keep your balance, or find it hard to walk. You may also have a sudden bad headache, can’t see well, or have problems talking or understanding.
Don’t wait to see if symptoms stop. Get emergency help right away, because every moment counts. If you get a drug to break up the clot within 4.5 hours after symptoms start, you’ll lower your chances of long-term problems.
If you have heart-related issues like high blood pressure or atrial fibrillation, pay close attention to these symptoms. If you have these conditions, you’re more likely to have a.

2. CHEST PAIN
We’ve all felt chest pain in some form, whether it’s a dull throb or a sharp stab. Because it can be a sign of a serious problem, it’s important to get medical help right away. Chest pain or pressure can be a sign of a heart attack or heart disease, especially if it happens when you’re active.
People who’ve had heart-related pain describe it as a burning, full, or tight feeling in the chest. It’s sometimes a searing sensation in one or both arms that can move up into the neck, jaw, and shoulders. The discomfort can last for more than a few minutes, get worse when you’re active, go away, and then come back.
Often, chest pain doesn’t have anything to do with your heart. It could be due to things like heartburn or other digestive issues.
Don’t try to tough it out or wait for it to go away. See a doctor right away if you have new or unexplained pain in your chest.
Tenderness and Pain in the Back of Your Lower Leg
This can be a sign of a blood clot in your leg. It’s called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It can happen when you have a condition that affects how your blood clots. You can also get one if you’ve been sitting or confined to bed for a long time. Pregnancy, using birth control pills, smoking, and being overweight also can make it more likely.
If you have a clot, you might feel pain or tenderness. The area might be swollen. Your skinmight feel warm, or it could look red.
It isn’t uncommon to be sore after exercise, but get medical help if you notice swelling, warmth, and redness. DVT can be serious. Blood clots in your legs can break off, travel through your bloodstream, and block blood flow to your lungs. Doctors call this a pulmonary embolism, and it can be deadly.

3. BLOOD IN URINE
There are several reasons you might see blood when you pee.If you have kidney stones, blood can make your urine pink or reddish. These small crystals that form in your urine can cause a lot of pain in your side or your back.
Your doctor may take a CT scan or do an ultrasound to see them. Some kidney stoneswill pass on their own, but the wait can be painful. You might need a procedure to break up larger ones.
If you see blood in your urine, have to pee more often, or have a burning sensation when you go, you may have a urinary tract infection in your bladder or kidney. Get help right away. This condition can lead to kidney damage and more serious problems.
Blood in your urine can sometimes also be a sign of other illnesses, including bladder or kidney cancer.

4. WHEEZING
If you hear a whistling sound when you breathe, see your doctor right away. Wheezing could be a sign of asthma, a lung disease, a severe allergic reaction, or exposure to chemicals. It could also signal pneumonia or bronchitis.
Treatment depends on the cause. You might need oxygen to help you breathe. If asthma’s to blame, an inhaler could be part of your treatment plan to stop flare-ups. No matter what’s behind your wheezing, you can get short-term relief from sitting in a shower where the air is moist, or using a vaporizer.

5. SUICIDAL THOUGHTS. 

If you feel hopeless, like there’s no way to solve your problems, reach out for help right away. It can make you feel better to talk to a trained counselor.

Call 911 or a suicide hotline number. It’s free and available 24 hours a day. It’s private, so you can feel comfortable talking about how you feel.
You can also walk into an emergency room or walk-in clinic and ask for help. A doctor or counselor can refer you to a professional who can help.

6 TIPS ON HOW TO GROW OLDER WITHOUT AGING.

Being an Ageless Goddess means turning this norm of “dying too long” on it’s head. That’s why I want to share with you my secrets for how you can reclaim the wisdom and power of the healer within you and start  living vibrantly at any age.

Here are some tips for growing older without aging:

1. DON’T FEAR YOUR GENES.
Your genes are just a blueprint, not a destiny. Scientists now know that we have more control over how our genes express than most believe and that gene expression is strongly influenced by beliefs and emotions as well as by your lifestyle choices. In some family, people tend to die of heart disease prematurely. Whereas others from the same family stay as long as 90. You know why? Because they are not leaving under the emotions constrictions that others did, and they are living a healthy active life.

2. FEEL AND EXPRESS YOUR EMOTION 
Exalted emotions – joy, fun, pleasure – change your hormones by increasing DHEA, your life force hormone.  So, think of this as a prescription to go have fun and enjoy every minute of your life.  Similarly, the worst thing you can do for your health is hold on to anger, fear, and sadness.  If you have these feeling, it’s important to feel them fully then release them. When you alleviate emotional stressors you are improving your health and signaling those potentially harmful genes not to express genes for disease.

3. GET A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP
Getting enough sleep has amazing health benefits.  It’s been shown to lower blood pressure and help you lose weight.  Sleep also helps you digest extra stress hormones from your day. One way to help readjust your inner clock is to take melatonin, a naturally occurring substance that promotes deep sleep. Another way to do this is to have “an electronic sundown.” Turn off all TV’s, computers, and iphones by 10:00 p.m. at the latest.

4. CHANGE YOUR BELIEVES
It’s estimated that 80 percent of all illnesses begin in the mind. The spirit is the life, the mind is the builder, the physical is the result. In other words, work with Spirit to design the house (your health) and let your thoughts, beliefs, and emotions serve to build it. You can’t change your genes, but you can change your inherited emotional patterns.

5. DON’T FEAR YOUR TEST SCORES
Numbers on a diagnostic test can be helpful indicators of
a condition that needs to be addressed, but don’t give them too much weight that they worry you. Your thoughts and beliefs have a far bigger impact on your health than your medical test scores do. In fact, when a patient is told bad news, it’s often the news itself and the stress hormone reaction to it that hastens the progress of the disease.

6. KNOW YOUR NUMBERS
There are certain tests that truly can assist you in creating better health. Here’s what I recommend: Get a Fasting blood sugar test. Your fasting blood sugar should be no higher than 85 mg/dl. One hour after a meal, your blood sugar should go no higher than 120 mg/ dl. Also test your vitamin D levels. Be sure to get a 25(OH)D blood test (not a 1,25(OH)2D test.) It’s the 25(OH)D that will tell you how much vitamin D is in your blood. This can be done through your doctor or an online lab. Your level should be 40–80 ng/ml—and it will usually take at least 5,000 IU of vitamin D a day to get it there and keep it there. Finally, be sure that your blood pressure is around 120/70, give or take a few points either way.

In Summary!
No matter what your age, no one is completely free of health threats. Everyone’s body has cancerous cells and microorganisms that could cause illness if not kept in check. But, despite what you have probably learned, it is actually the fear of those pathogens that will depress your immune system and make it more likely that you will get sick, not the mere presence of them.

When you make choices that strengthen your immune system such as finding things to feel joyful about, or believing you are not destined to suffer from disease as you age, your body becomes better able to surround, weaken, and kill pathogens.

10 BENEFITS OF YOGA

 

1. IMPROVEMENT OF FLEXIBILITY.

Improved flexibility is one of the first and most obvious benefits of yoga. During your first class, you probably won’t be able to touch your toes, never mind do a backbend. But if you stick with it, you’ll notice a gradual loosening, and eventually, seemingly impossible poses will become possible. You’ll also probably notice that aches and pains start to disappear. That’s no coincidence. Tight hips can strain the knee joint due to improper alignment of the thigh and shinbones. Tight hamstrings can lead to a flattening of the lumbar spine, which can cause back pain. And inflexibility in muscles and connective tissue, such as fascia and ligaments, can cause poor posture.

2.MUSCULAR STRENGTH  IMPROVEMENT.

Strong muscles do more than look good. They also protect us from conditions like arthritis and back pain, and help prevent falls in elderly people. And when you build strength through yoga, you balance it with flexibility. If you just went to the gym and lifted weights, you might build strength at the expense of flexibility.

3. YOUR POSTURE BECOMES PERFECT.

Your head is like a bowling ball—big, round, and heavy. When it’s balanced directly over an erect spine, it takes much less work for your neck and back muscles to support it. Move it several inches forward, however, and you start to strain those muscles. Hold up that forward-leaning bowling ball for eight or 12 hours a day and it’s no wonder you’re tired. And fatigue might not be your only problem. Poor posture can cause back, neck, and other muscle and joint problems. As you slump, your body may compensate by flattening the normal inward curves in your neck and lower back. This can cause pain and degenerative arthritis of the spine.

4. FOUNDS A HEALTHY LIFE STYLE.

Move more, eat less—that’s the adage of many a dieter. Yoga can help on both fronts. A regular practice gets you moving and burns calories, and the spiritual and emotional dimensions of your practice may encourage you to address any eating and weight problems on a deeper level. Yoga may also inspire you to become a more conscious eater.

5. LOWERS BLOOD SUGAR. Continue reading